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Spectacularly beautiful, steeped in history and more accessible than other medieval outposts like Dubrovnik or Rhodes, Kotor sits on a gleaming jade-colored bay, wedged in by towering limestone cliffs and a steep stone stairway, straight out of a storybook, that leads to its past glories.
Hugging the Adriatic Sea, Kotor (pronounced co-TOUR) is the past and present of the modern nation of Montenegro. When you disembark in port (as we did on a recent Viking Star voyage), you're steps away from the Stari Grad ("old town" in the local tongue), the city's best-known landmark and a UNESCO World Heritage site.
Walk through Sea Gate, built in 1555, and you enter a maze of ancient buildings, churches dating to the 1100s, museums, townsquares and Venetian palaces with long noble lineages. To get a feel for the city's rich history, take a two-hour walking tour with a good guide, but you'll have no problem if you decide to explore the streets and alleys of Old Town on your own. It's a relatively small city with a population of about 13,500.
During your time in Kotor, be sure to leave time for a trek up the 1,350 steps of the ramparts built from the 9th century onward and improved until the 1800s. Don't try to reach the summit unless you're in pretty good shape — it's 2 hours up and an hour down.
A small nation about the size of Connecticut, Montenegro is rife with medieval buildings, fortifications, graceful architecture from the Austro-Hungarian empire and settlements that date to 1000 BC. But there's more to this region than history. You'll also want to carve out time to stroll out along the Bay of Kotor — Southern Europe's longest and most dramatic fjord — to get a feel for modern Montenegro, with cafes, pubs, play structures, a lively marina and vibrant nightlife scene.
If you're visiting Kotor for the first time, you simply must spend an hour or two exploring the back alleys of Old Town, filled with ancient buildings, landmarks and merchant shops.
When you've tooled around the cobblestone streets of Old Town for a bit and still have energy to burn off, try the ascent up the Ladder of Kotor (the Upper Town Walls), open daily from 8 am to 8 pm. Stretching some 2.8 miles (4.5 kilometers) above Old Town, the stone stairway offers multiple breathtaking views of the city and Kotor Bay. The ascent (90 minutes to two hours) is not for the meek, though.
Nearly halfway up is the now-abandoned Church of Our Lady of Remedy, a nice resting spot where you might want to claim a moral victory and head back. Farther up, past stone battlements with tiny windows for firing weapons, is what remains of the Castle of San Giovanni (St. John's Fortress), whose garrison once guarded the city. At the top you can freely explore the ruins and take in the stunning views.
Gospa od Skrpjela (Our Lady of the Rock) is a pretty little manmade issland sitting in the bay across from Perast in the Kotor municipality. Locals built a church there in 1630 that's worth a visit if you have the time.
Rafting, hiking and paragliding are some of the other activities you can do in or around Kotor.
There are plenty of spots to grab a quick bite on the squares in Old Town, but if you want a more memorable, better-quality lunch or early dinner, try one of the smaller restaurants in the alleyways of Kotor. Here are a few suggestions we tried or read about.
Summer is the high time to visit Kotor, but even late fall can be a great time to visit. In summer, you can enjoy watersports and dining al fresco. You may get a sprinkling of rain in early spring or late fall, but the hike up to the fortress is much cooler.
Depending upon the number of ships in port, you may arrive at the dock by tender. From there, it is a short walk (2 blocks) to Sea Gate, the main entrance to Old Town. We were lucky in that Viking Star was the only ship in port, so we docked at the pier.
The Old Town is not big and perfect for walking; cars are not allowed within the walls. However, if you want to visit some of the neighboring towns along the Bay of Kotor, you can use the public bus services operated by Blue Line. The main bus station is a 15-minute walk from the pier.
Taxis are available, too. It's 1 euro to start and an average of 1.29 euros per mile. If traveling far, it's best to agree on the price of the ride before you enter the taxi.
Documents: U.S. and Canadian citizens will need a valid passport. No visa is required for stays less than 90 days.
Store hours: Opening hours can vary drastically. General stores are open from 9 am and may close at 6 pm. Tourist shops and convenience stores are open longer, especially in high tourist season in the European summer.
Tipping: Check the bill first for any service charges. In small restaurants, round up the bill to make it simpler for everyone. For more formal dining, a 10% tip is average.
Safety: Kotor is considered a safe town overall. As always, be aware of your surroundings and lock up your valuables. Especially in tourist areas, keep your wallets and purses close and beware of pickpockets.
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